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Posts Tagged ‘UCLA’

Guest blog by UCLA Study on Friendship Among Women

UCLA Study On Friendship Among Women

An alternative to fight or flight

©2002 Gale Berkowitz

A landmark UCLA study suggests friendships between women are special. They shape who we are and who we are yet to be. They soothe our tumultuous inner world, fill the emotional gaps in our marriage, and help us remember who we really are. By the way, they may do even more.Scientists now suspect that hanging out with our friends can actually counteract the kind of stomach-quivering stress most of us experience on a daily basis. A landmark UCLA study suggests that women respond to stress with a cascade of brain chemicals that cause us to make and maintain friendships with other women. It’s a stunning find that has turned five decades of stress research—most of it on men—upside down. Until this study was published, scientists generally believed that when people experience stress, they trigger a hormonal cascade that revs the body to either stand and fight or flee as fast as possible, explains Laura Cousin Klein, Ph.D., now an Assistant Professor of Biobehavioral Health at Penn State University and one of the study’s authors. It’s an ancient survival mechanism left over from the time we were chased across the planet by saber-toothed tigers.Now the researchers suspect that women have a larger behavioral repertoire than just fight or flight; In fact, says Dr. Klein, it seems that when the hormone oxytocin is release as part of the stress responses in a woman, it buffers the fight or flight response and encourages her to tend children and gather with other women instead. When she actually engages in this tending or befriending, studies suggest that more oxytocin is released, which further counters stress and produces a calming effect. This calming response does not occur in men, says Dr. Klein, because testosterone—which men produce in high levels when they’re under stress—seems to reduce the effects of oxytocin. Estrogen, she adds, seems to enhance it.The discovery that women respond to stress differently than men was made in a classic “aha” moment shared by two women scientists who were talking one day in a lab at UCLA. There was this joke that when the women who worked in the lab were stressed, they came in, cleaned the lab, had coffee, and bonded, says Dr. Klein. When the men were stressed, they holed up somewhere on their own. I commented one day to fellow researcher Shelley Taylor that nearly 90% of the stress research is on males. I showed her the data from my lab, and the two of us knew instantly that we were onto something.The women cleared their schedules and started meeting with one scientist after another from various research specialties. Very quickly, Drs. Klein and Taylor discovered that by not including women in stress research, scientists had made a huge mistake: The fact that women respond to stress differently than men has significant implications for our health.It may take some time for new studies to reveal all the ways that oxytocin encourages us to care for children and hang out with other women, but the “tend and befriend” notion developed by Drs. Klein and Taylor may explain why women consistently outlive men. Study after study has found that social ties reduce our risk of disease by lowering blood pressure, heart rate, and cholesterol. There’s no doubt, says Dr. Klein, that friends are helping us live longer.

In one study, for example, researchers found that people who had no friends increased their risk of death over a 6-month period. In another study, those who had the most friends over a 9-year period cut their risk of death by more than 60%.

Friends are also helping us live better. The famed Nurses’ Health Study from Harvard Medical School found that the more friends women had, the less likely they were to develop physical impairments as they aged, and the more likely they were to be leading a joyful life. In fact, the results were so significant, the researchers concluded, that not having close friends or confidants was as detrimental to your health as smoking or carrying extra weight.

And that’s not all. When the researchers looked at how well the women functioned after the death of their spouse, they found that even in the face of this biggest stressor of all, those women who had a close friend and confidante were more likely to survive the experience without any new physical impairments or permanent loss of vitality. Those without friends were not always so fortunate. Yet if friends counter the stress that seems to swallow up so much of our life these days, if they keep us healthy and even add years to our life, why is it so hard to find time to be with them? That’s a question that also troubles researcher Ruthellen Josselson, Ph.D., co-author of Best Friends: The Pleasures and Perils of Girls’ and Women’s Friendships (Three Rivers Press, 1998). The following paragraph is, in my opinion, very, very true and something all women should be aware of and NOT put our female friends on the back burners.

Every time we get overly busy with work and family, the first thing we do is let go of friendships with other women, explains Dr. Josselson. We push the m right to the back burner. That’s really a mistake because women are such a source of strength to each other. We nurture one another. And we need to have unpressured space in which we can do the special kind of talk that women do when they’re with other women. It’s a very healing experience.

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Happiness tool for your tool kit

“The Purpose of life is the expansion of happiness”  Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

Being happy and loving seem to go quite well together.  Just about every picture I have ever seen of his holiness the Dalai Lama shows him laughing or with a big smile on his face.  Think about it.  When you are busy being genuinely happy, it’s pretty hard to be mean-spirited, cruel, judgmental, violent, hateful, resentful, petty or selfish.  That’s because in that moment of happiness, a great generosity of spirit (love) surges and expands upon itself through us, lifting us.  And the best part of it is that it affects others in the most positive ways too.  Truly, the purpose of life really is the expansion of happiness and you and I are the vessels through which it can happen.  So the larger question is, Where do we find happiness?  Unfortunately, the common belief with most people is that happiness is something that happens to them when conditions are just right rather than something that happens through them when they choose to make space for it.  While outer conditions may stimulate the feeling of happiness, it can never come from anywhere other than within us.  Authentic happiness isn’t something we can go out and get, buy, borrow, or steal.  Nor can any form of artificial sensory stimuli generate true happiness; it’s only something we can be, and it’s a choice we make with every breath we take.  We just need to make space in our minds and hearts for happiness to be revealed.  So breathe into this moment and choose to be happy.

One of the wonderful gifts of facebook is the ability to connect with those who are no longer physically close to us.  One of my joys has been the connection with my former students.  It is fun to see pictures of those cute little first graders that I once taught now as students at Berkeley, Stanford, Santa Clara, UCLA and USC to name a few.  If I need to think of happy thoughts all I need to do is go back through my memories and remember the students I used to teach.  The above picture is from a student (3 years ago) named Amanda.  I came across this picture not too long ago when I was leaving she made this for me and Courtney.

Today in your writing think of these things:

  • Generally when you are unhappy, you will discover it’s because you want something you don’t have, have something you don’t want, or are simply too attached to something you do have.
  • Choose a different perspective today – choose to be happy with what is and stop putting off being happy until things change.
  • Start by focusing on what is right and good about your life. in this instant and breathe into it.
  • Choose to be happy…the world will be a better place because of it!
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"Because of Tammy I have found confidence in my writing and feel blessed to be honored in such a way. I have found my voice. I have found freedom! I recommend anyone for whatever reason to expand their life and sign up for her writing workshops or classes. You'll be amazed at how good you are and how everyone has a story worth telling. Sign up and set your voice free!"
Wendy Price, Palm Desert, CA

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Tammy L. Coia is an AWA Affiliate, certified to lead workshops in the AWA method as described in Writing Alone & With Others by Pat Schneider, Oxford University Press.


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